Massachusetts Legislature passed the first Adoption of Children Act,
directing judges to ensure that adoption decrees were “fit and proper.”
Massachusetts Board of State Charities began paying for children to
Massachusetts Board of State Charities appointed an agent to visit
1873-1820 Ayer Home for Young Women and Children: Pawtucket
1874 National Conference of Charities and Corrections established.
1876 Ayer (Frederick) Mansion, Pawtucket Street built.
1880-1920 Edson (Theodore) Orphanage: Anne and Kirk Streets
staffed by St.
1885-1912 Lowell Day Nursery: Kirk Street [now Hall Street].
National Conference of Charities and Corrections began looking for
1900-1915 Catholic Orphanages: 51 new institutions opened.
1900-1920 Saint Peter’s Orphanage: Stevens Street staffed
by Sisters of Charity,
1900 Saint Mary’s Orphanage: Crosby Street.
1907-2006 Florence Crittenton Rescue League [now Hall Street].
1908-1968 Ayer (Frederick) Mansion, Pawtucket Street purchased
by the OMI for
Franco American Orphanage: Pawtucket Street staffed by the Sisters of
White House Conference on Dependent Children recommended children
1910 Children’s Home: Moore Street.
1912 Faith Home for Children: Westford Street.
1912 Franco American Orphanage: expanded adding a four story brick wing.
1923 Catholics Orphanages: 558 existing institutions with 81,000 children.
The Great Depression and WWII prolonged the traditional orphanages
1933 All US Orphanages: 140,000 children
1933 All US Foster Care: 102,000 children.
1940s-1850s Post WWII welfare reform resulted in a major shift from
Decline in women entering religious orders had a dramatic impact on
Franco American School: Day student program added to the Boarding
Franco American School: Boarding student program discontinued.
1980s-1990s Franco American School: enrollment gradually increased and